Messages of congratulations are coming in for Justin Trudeau, who was sworn in as Canada’s 23rd prime minister on Wednesday.
Trudeau and his 30-member cabinet took their oaths of office at a ceremony on a sunny morning at Rideau Hall in Ottawa.
After the cabinet was unveiled, it became apparent that the prime minister kept his promise for a gender-balanced cabinet. Of the 30 newly-appointed ministers, 15 are women and 15 are men.
As well, the cabinet is highly diverse, with ministers representing various ethnic backgrounds, age groups, and levels of work experience. As well, the cabinet has members representing every single Canadian province, as well as the North.
Canadians and non-Canadians alike took note, and offered praise and congratulations to the faces of the new government.
Bains isn’t exactly a rookie — he’s returning to parliament and knows his way around the committees. Bains previously served as the MP for Mississauga-Brampton South from 2004 to 2011, when he was defeated by then-Conservative Eve Adams.
Bains is a distinguished visiting professor at Ryerson University’s Ted Rogers School of Management. He is a certified management accountant, and was a financial and accounting analyst for years at Ford Motor Company. In his years outside of Ottawa, he played a big role in Justin Trudeau’s leadership campaign.
Fact: At 26 years old, Bains was the youngest MP in the Liberal caucus when initially elected in 2004.
Bennett has held the seat of Toronto-St. Paul’s (formerly just St. Paul’s) since 1997. She is a former family physician and professor at the University of Toronto.
Bennett ran for the leadership of the Liberal Party in 2006, but withdrew to throw her support behind Bob Rae. Most recently, Bennett served as party’s critic for aboriginal affairs and northern development.
Fact: Bennett is the author of “Kill or Cure? How Canadians Can Remake their Health Care System,” published in October 2000, and served as Minister of State for Public Health under Paul Martin.
Bibeau had a varied career before making the jump into politics. She started at the now-defunct Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), working in Canada and Africa. For the past 15 years, she’s co-owned a small tourism business called Camping de Compton. She is also the executive director of the Sherbrooke Museum of Nature and Science.
Fact: Bibeau is married to Sherbrooke Mayor Bernard Sévigny.
Brison was originally elected as a Progressive Conservative for the riding of Kings-Hants in 1997. He sought the leadership of the Progressive Conservatives in 2003, then crossed the floor to join the Liberals days after the party merged with the Canadian Alliance. Brison served as minister of public works and government services under Paul Martin. He has been the party’s finance critic since 2010.
Fact: Brison earned the nickname “fridge magnate” at Dalhousie University, where he started an appliance-renting business as a student. He eventually sold the business.
Prior to entering public life, Carr worked as a journalist with the Winnipeg Free Press and the CBC. In 1988, he was elected as provincial MLA for Fort Rouge and eventually became deputy leader of Manitoba’s Liberal Party. He then went on to found the Business Council of Manitoba in 1997, before running for the Liberals at the federal level this year.
Fact: Carr began his career as a musician, and played oboe with the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra.
Prior to her work as a special projects coorindator at the Kitchener-Waterloo Multicultural Centre, Chagger worked as the executive assistant to former Kitchener-Waterloo MP Andrew Telegdi. She has volunteered with a number of community organizations, including the Interfaith Grand River, the Heart and Stroke Foundation and the Waterloo Rotary Club.
Fact: Chagger, who has been a resident of Waterloo her whole life, was a recipient of the Waterloo Region Record’s “40 under 40” award in 2012.
Dion has served as an MP for the Montreal riding of Saint-Laurent (formerly known as Saint-Laurent-Cartierville) for nearly two decades. The former academic stepped down as Liberal leader after a failed bid to carry the party to an election win in 2008.
Dion has previous experience as a cabinet minister, overseeing intergovernmental affairs under Jean Chretien and environment under Paul Martin.
Fact: Dion had briefly taken up the separatist cause as a young man but he came to parliament to fight the sovereignty movement. He is responsible for introducing The Clarity Act, which laid out terms under which the federal government would enter into negotiations for secession by one of the provinces.
Duclos is an economics expert, published author and conference speaker. He is involved with a number of economic associations, including the Canadian Economics Association and C.D. Howe Institute. He is also the co-founder of the Poverty and Economic Policy Research Network.
Fact: In 2014, Duclos was made a fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, the highest accolade bestowed on Canadian researchers.
Duncan, a medical geographer, has taught at the University of Windsor, the University of Toronto and Royal Roads University. She has also served on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an organization that won the 2007 Nobel Prize with Al Gore.
Fact: Duncan is the author of two books: ‘Environment and Health: Protecting our Common Future’ and ‘Hunting the 1918 Flu: One Scientist’s Search for a Killer Virus.’
Foote has served as the MP for the riding of Random–Burin–St. George’s since 2008, running in Bonavista-Burin-Trinity in October due to redrawn boundaries. She took the riding with 80 per cent of the vote. She has held the positions of deputy house leader and, most recently, party whip. Foote also served as a provincial MHA for 11 years, holding numerous ministerial roles.
Fact: Foote had an extensive media and communications career before entering politics. She hosted the CBC radio show “Here & Now” and eventually left journalism to work as the director of public relations for former Newfoundland and Labrador premier Clyde Wells.
Freeland is a relative newcomer to the Liberal Party. The former journalist announced her resignation from her position at Thomson Reuters in 2013 to run in a byelection to replace Bob Rae in the riding of Toronto Centre. A year after that win, Freeland was appointed international trade critic for the party. Instead of running in her old seat this time around, however, she instead opted to run in the newly-created riding of University-Rosedale.
Fact: Freeland speaks five languages: English, French, Ukrainian, Russian and Italian.
Known by many for his exploits in space than on Earth, the former astronaut represented the downtown Montreal riding of Westmount-Ville Marie, and now represents the redrawn riding of Notre-Dame-de-Grace-Westmount. Garneau initially made a bid for Liberal leadership in 2012, but eventually withdrew and threw his support behind Trudeau. Most recently, he served as the Liberal foreign affairs critic.
Fact: Garneau started his career in the Royal Canadian Navy and rose to the rank of Commander, before becoming the first Canadian to fly in space in 1984. He went on to become the president of the Canadian Space Agency.
Goodale was first elected to the House of Commons as the MP for Assiniboia in 1974 at the young age of 24, a seat he held for five years. He then took a break from federal politics to lead the Saskatchewan Liberal Party, before returning to Parliament in 1993.
He has held the Regina-Wascana seat (previously known as just Wascana) ever since, earning him the nickname “King of Wascana.” During that time, he has served as finance minister under Paul Martin and, most recently, as deputy leader of the Liberal Party.
Fact: Goodale will be the only MP to serve under both Pierre Elliott Trudeau and Justin Trudeau.
Hajdu is widely known for leading discussion on substance use, harm reduction, housing and public health in Thunder Bay, where she chaired the Drug Awareness Committee of Thunder Bay and authored the city’s drug strategy. She and her family have lived almost exclusively in Thunder Bay since 1980.
Fact: Hajdu is a frequent op-ed contributor to The Chronicle-Journal newspaper in northwestern Ontario.
Hehr comes from a family of educators – the son of a teacher and school principal. He grew up in Calgary, where he played hockey for the Calgary Canucks and Mount Royal University Cougars, and envisioned a future as an athlete. But Hehr’s life changed forever in 1991 when he was a struck in a drive-by shooting at the age of 21. The injury left him a quadriplegic.
Despite his injuries, he completed his schooling to become a lawyer. In 2008, he ran for the Alberta Liberals in Calgary-Buffalo and won a seat at the provincial legislature. Hehr also mounted a mayoral race in Calgary’s 2010 muncipal election but later withdrew to endorse Naheed Nenshi.
Fact: In 2005, the University of Calgary named Hehr its graduate of the decade, and one of the 40 top graduates over the last 40 years.
Joly is not new to the political world. She was the runner-up in the 2013 Montreal mayoral race, losing to Denis Coderre but taking a quarter of the vote. A lawyer by trade, Joly practiced in Montreal before jumping into communications at international firm Cohn & Wolfe. Joly also helped organize Trudeau’s Liberal leadership campaign.
Fact: Joly was named Elle Quebec’s Woman of the Year in 2008 in the “up and coming” category.
LeBlanc was first elected in the 2000 in the riding of Beausejour and has held onto the riding ever since. The former lawyer ran for leadership of the party in 2008, but dropped out of the race to endorse Michael Ignatieff.
LeBlanc most recently served as the Liberal party’s house leader. LeBlanc is the son of former governor general Romeo LeBlanc, who also served as an MP from 1972 to 1984, and as a senator from 1984 to 1994.
Fact: He was a childhood chum of Justin Trudeau, as their two fathers were old friends who would often take their sons to a fishing camp in Miramichi for summer vacations.
Before entering politics, Lebouthillier was a social worker at the Rocher Percé Health and Social Services Centre for 23 years. In 2013, she was awarded a Certificate of Appreciation by the Royal Canadian Legion for her work. She is a mother of three adult sons and grandmother to one grandson.
Fact: She’s the owner of La Ferme du Petit Moulin, a farm-based retreat in Gaspe that boasts seven chalets.
A long-time Liberal MP, MacAulay has served as the solicitor general of Canada, minister of labour and secretary of state for veterans affairs and the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency. He has also served as the opposition critic for fishersies and seniors.
Fact: MaCaulay is P.E.I.’s longest-serving MP.
McCallum has held a range of cabinet positions over the past 15 years, including national revenue minister and veterans affairs minister under Paul Martin, and national defence minister for Jean Chretien.
Most recently, he served as the party’s immigration critic where he made headlines for this heated exchange.
Before entering politics, McCallum was an economics professor at McGill and Dean of the Faculty of Arts. McCallum also previously worked as the chief economist for the Royal Bank of Canada
Fact: McCallum introduced the original motion in 2001 to make Nelson Mandela an honorary Canadian citizen.
Considered a star Liberal recruit, McKenna defeated longtime Ottawa-Centre NDP MP Paul Dewar on Oct. 19. The international trade lawyer brings a wealth of experience to the table, including her time as a former legal adviser to the negotiator for the United Nations peacekeeping mission in East Timor. She is also a board member at the Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies and has taught at the University of Toronto’s Munk School of Global Affairs.
Fact: McKenna’s husband, Scott Gilmore, is a longtime Conservative. He recently wrote a piece in Maclean’s magazine about his decision to vote Liberal in the Oct. 19 election, calling the decision “the unthinkable.”
Mihychuk was elected as a member of Manitoba’s NDP government in 1995, serving as minister of industry, trade, and mines, and intergovernmental affairs during her nine years as an MLA. She joined the Liberals in 2014.
Fact: Mihychuk is the founder of both Women in Mining Canada and Women in Mining Manitoba.
Monsef’s family fled the Taliban in Afghanistan, moving to Peterborough. She is a graduate of Trent University and has been a member of more than 30 community-based action committees in Peterborough. In 2014, she ran for mayor of Peterborough, finishing a close second to Mayor Daryl Bennett.
Fact: Monsef co-founded the Red Pashmina Campaign, which raised over $150,000 for women and girls in Afghanistan.
Until his federal win, Morneau was the executive chair of one of Canada’s largest human resources firm, Morneau Shepell, a firm founded by his father. He’s also a former chair of the economic think-tank, the C.D. Howe Institute. During his career, he was appointed by Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne to an expert panel to recommend an Ontario pension supplement to the Canada Pension Plan; the panel was led by former prime minister Paul Martin. He also served as one of Trudeau’s economic advisers and is the co-author of The Real Retirement: Why You Could Be Better Off Than You Think and How to Make That Happen.
Fact: In 2014, Morneau helped open the Morneau Shepell Secondary School for Girls in Kenya’s Kakuma refugee camp. The school educates Somali and Sudanese youth.
Philpott has been a family doctor at the Markham Stouffville Hospital since 1988. She also served as the hospitals’ chief of the Department of Family Medicine, and is an associate professor at the University of Toronto’s Department of Family and Community Medicine.She worked in Niger from 1989 to 1998, where she practiced general medicine and helped develop a training program for local health workers.
Fact: Philpott is the founder of Give a Day to World AIDS, an organization that has raised $4 million for people affected by HIV/AIDS in Africa.
A lawyer by training, Qualtrough has a background in human rights, inclusion and sport. She has worked as the vice-chair of the Workers’ Compensation Appeal Tribunal of B.C.and legal counsel for the B.C.Human Rights Tribunal and the Canadian Human Rights Commission. She competed in the 1988 Seoul and 1992 Barcelona Paralympic Games, winning three medals in swimming. She remains involved in the world of sport, serving for four years as the president of the Canadian Paralympic Committee.
Fact: Qualtrough has been visually impaired since birth.
Sajjan and his family immigrated to Canada from India when he was five years old, and he grew up in South Vancouver. The former police detective and highly decorated lieutenant-colonel has served three tours in Afghanistan and one in Bosnia. Brigadier-General David Fraser once said that Sajjan was “the best single Canadian intelligence asset in theatre” and “single-handedly changed the face of intelligence gathering and analysis in Afghanistan.” Harjit served 11 years with the Vancouver Police Department, most recently specializing in gang violence.
Fact: Sajjan was the first Canadian Sikh to command a Canadian military regiment.
Sohi was first elected as an Edmonton city councilor in 2007. He has volunteered with Public Interest Alberta, the Centre for International Alternatives and the Canadian Labour Congress. Sohi is also a former member of the Edmonton Police Commission.
Fact: Sohi won his seat by just 92 votes, beating former Conservative MP Tim Uppal.
Inuit leader Tootoo was first elected as a MLA for Iqaluit-Centre in 1999, and held numerous cabinet positions over his 14 years in the legislative assembly, including two years as speaker. Prior to his work in politics, he was a businessman and co-founder of the Iqaluit branch of Arctic Insurance Brokers Ltd. In 1997, Tootoo ran as a NDP candidate for the federal riding of Nunavut, but finished third. He was picked up by Trudeau’s Liberals earlier this year.
Fact: Tootoo is a cousin of New Jersey Devils forward Jordin Tootoo, who was the first Inuk to play in NHL.
Wilson-Raybould is a former crown prosecutor, adviser at the B.C. Treaty Commission and First Nations chief. During her time as regional chief of the B.C. Assembly of First Nations, Wilson-Raybould focused on the advancement of First Nations governance, fair access to land and resources, and improved education and health. She is a member of the We Wai Kai Nation.
Even though Wilson-Raybould is a rookie MP, it won’t be her first time on the Hill. She has made numerous appearances before Parliamentary committees to speak about aboriginal issues.
Fact: Wilson-Raybould was among the First Nation leaders who met with Stephen Harper during the Idle No More protests in January 2013. She credits those discussions with influencing her decision to run for the Liberals.
Source: CTV News (http://www.ctvnews.ca/politics/justin-trudeau-s-new-liberal-cabinet-full-list-and-bios-1.2642140